Z. Khan, D. Ludlow, W. Loibl, K. Soomro:
"CT enabled participatory urban planning and policy development: The UrbanAPI project";
Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy,
Purpose - The aim of this paper is to present the effectiveness of participatory information and
communication technology (ICT) tools for urban planning, in particular, supporting bottom-up
decision-making in urban management and governance.
Design/methodology/approach - This work begins with a presentation on the state of the art
literature on the existing participatory approaches and their contribution to urban planning and the
policymaking process. Furthermore, a case study, namely, the UrbanAPI project, is selected to identify
new visualisation and simulation tools applied at different urban scales. These tools are applied in four
different European cities - Vienna, Bologna, Vitoria-Gasteiz and Ruse - with the objective to identify
the data needs for application development, commonalities in requirements of such participatory tools
and their expected impact in policy and decision-making processes.
Findings - The case study presents three planning applications: three-dimensional Virtual Reality at
neighbourhood scale, Public Motion Explorer at city-wide scale and Urban Growth Simulation at
city-region scale. UrbanAPI applications indicate both active and passive participation secured by
applying these tools at different urban scales and hence facilitate evidence-based urban planning
decision-making. Structured engagement with the city administrations indicates commonalities in user
needs and application requirements creating the potential for the development of generic features in
these ICT tools which can be applied to many other cities throughout Europe.
Originality/value - This paper presents new ICT-enabled participatory urban planning tools at different
urban scales to support collaborative decision-making and urban policy development. Various technologies
are used for the development of these IT tools and applied to the real environment of four European cities.
Decision-making, Policymaking, Bottom-up planning, ICT-enabled citizen participation,
Erstellt aus der Publikationsdatenbank des AIT Austrian Institute of Technology.