W. Loibl, R. Stollnberger, D. Österreicher:
"Residential Heat Supply by Waste-Heat Re-Use:";
This paper deals with climate change mitigation and addresses waste heat reuse as a
measure which is until now considered only to a limited extent. The City of Vienna serves as a case
study to explore potentials to improve the urban heat supply using waste heat as an additional
energy source. As no observation data about waste heat and detailed heating demand is available,
this data is derived from proxy data for estimating waste heat reuse potential and residential heating
demand patterns. Heat requirements for manufacturing and service provision is explored and,
based on the distribution of the companies within the city, mapped as waste heat sources.
Employees per company serves as proxy data to allocate the heat volume. Waste heat share and
temperature ranges is reviewed from literature. Heating demand is mapped based on floor space of
the buildings by age class and building type. Merging supply and demand maps allows to quantify
the residential heating demand coverage through local waste heat in the potential supply areas
within different distance ranges and housing density classes. In high density housing areas, only a
small share of the demand can be covered by waste heat supply even within 250 m distance from
sources due to few companies which could provide waste heat. In medium to low density housing
areas in Vienna´s outer districts with more industry, a higher share of residential heating demand
near the sources can be covered by waste heat within a 250 m distance. Within a 500 m distance,
around half of the residential heating demand can be covered only in low density housing areas
near the waste heat sources.
sustainable cities; renewable energy sources; waste heat use; waste heat distribution; heating demand distribution; heat supply-demand mapping
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